Options for implementation

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) policies are being adopted to create recycling “systems” that are more sustainable. To effectively implement these requirements, there is an urgent need to better
understand the conditions under which EPR systems can perform well and deliver best results.
EPR can be implemented in various forms, including product take-back requirements, economic and mar-ket-based instruments, regulations and performance standards, and information-based instruments.
The report deals with the possible implementations of an EPR system in Egypt. Two different options are explained in more detail and an implementation is outlined.

Option one shows a system that would be managed by WMRA itself. The advantages of this would be a better control for WMRA over the system and the implementation and adjustments of the system or greater flexibility to allocate resources. Points against this would be, for example, that WMRA should supervise and review all recyclers and collectors or the dual function as regulator and operational de-cision maker.

The second option would be a producer-led system. Here, the simpler administration for WMRA or the stronger involvement of the producers would certainly speak in favor. Negative points here would be the implementation of the financial flow (why to WMRA and not directly to the PRO) or administrative hurdles in the staffing of the PRO.

The full report can be downloaded here.