According to Peruvian custom statistics, over 107 thousand tons (t) of electrical and electronic equipment have entered the domestic market in 2014 through imports.
More than 40% of these imports are refrigerators, electric stoves, microwaves, fans and air conditioning, and about 30% televisions, sound equipment, camcorders and photovoltaic panels. Another approx. 20% is composed of PCs, mobile phones, printers and copiers. The rest, among others, are fixtures, tools for the textile industry and construction. Peru has seen a steep increase in the consumption of such equipment, which also leads to increasing volumes of e-waste.
Between July 2009 and April 2013, the “Swiss e-waste programme” for Peru was executed by the Swiss Federal Institute for Materials Research and Technology (Empa) and its Peruvian counterpart IPES. Since 2013 the project activities were prolonged through the “Sustainable Recycling Industries” (SRI) programme in order to consolidate advances through the implementation of a legal e-waste framework, other aspects of communication and standardization, as well as producer led take back systems.
Supporting the policy development
Peru’s WEEE related policy framework includes the “National regulations for WEEE management” (MINAM), the “Directive of loan and donation of WEEE from the public sector” (SBN) and 3 Peruvian technical standards for WEEE management. In support of this policy framework SRI has further contributed to the consolidation of the multi-sectorial working group, called Technical Support Commit-tee (CAT-RAEE) chaired by environmental ministry (MINAM) and technically advised by SRI’s Peruvian partner organization IPES. The objective of CAT-RAEE consists of promoting the fulfillment of the WEEE regulations and the participation and involvement of the main stakeholders.
SRI also coordinates the further institutionalization of the processes as indicated in the WEEE regulations (MINAM, MTC, PRODUCE, SBN, DIGESA), in the SBN Directive (more than 40 public institutions) and the technical standards “NTP-RAEE” (5 WEEE operators).
Standards and conformity
The technical standards for the treatment of WEEE (NTP-RAEE) have been approved in June 2014. In support of this SRI seeks to identify and train the entity performing the evaluation of conformity and the establishment of a monitoring system in Peru. In addition SRI aims at strengthening the capacities of the operators in order to improve the technical standards and environmental treatment of WEEE and resource recovery.
Producer led take-back systems
SRI also supports the implementation of producer platforms for the take back of WEEE according to EPR principles. More than 150 producers (mainly importers) have presented WEEE management plans to PRODUCE and MTC. 26 producers have their plans already approved. 50 have their plans in the final stage of solving observations from their authorities and 80 producers have their plans and the initial stage of evaluation. Furthermore, SRI encourages the inclusion of small producers in exist-ing collective systems. E.g. the collective system RLGA in coordination with IPES, MINAM and PRO-DUCE organised seminars to promote the possibility for small producers to be part of its collective system with advantageous conditions.